Basic Organic Gardening Skills For Beginners – Part One
If you love the idea of having your own organic garden, but have doubts if you should give it a try, follow this list of basic skills every new organic gardener needs to learn, and soon you’ll become an expert.
In organic gardening, the process begins and ends with soil. Making compost out of vegetable scraps, crop residue, weeds, manure and other sources ensures the formation of humus, a long-term builder of soil fertility, much better than just tilling these things directly into the soil.
Starting plants from seeds
If you want to stay completely away from the use and residues of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, as well as to open up the full choice of crop varietal options, the ability to start plants from seeds is essential. This skill gives gardeners the option to choose organic certified seed, to choose or make on organic seed starting mix, and control all fertilizer and pest control inputs related to the crop.
Proper planting techniques
The techniques related to planting will differ for each crop, and whether the crop is sown directly into the garden or started indoors and transplanted to the garden. Planting depth, spacing and all requirements for temperature, soil, sun, water and nutrients are all basic factors for the survival and success of the crop. Most crops will have some margin for error, but too many stress factors can lead to crop failure. The best way to minimize problems here is to start small. Get comfortable with a few crops at first, and then expand as you learn more.